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Shimla is capital of Himachal Pradesh and  during Britishers time Shimla was summer capital of India. Shimla is known for its natural beauty and tourist places.
Shimla is also known as queen of hills.
Kufri, Naldehra, Chuddhar , Sarahan-Rampur, Mashobara etc are famous places to visit. Shimla is third most populous and urbanized city in Himachal Pradesh.
In shimla agriculture is main occupation of people, and shimla is also known for Apples. Rohru, Jubbal & Kothkhai, theog, kotgarh and Rampur are places where different varieties of apples are grown.
Many major offices and heritage buildings are located in shimla.
Ridge-shimla-photos
Location of Shimla
Shimla district is located in south-western ranges of the Himalayas. Shimla is located at a height of around 2206 meters from sea level surrounded by Kinnaur and Uttrakhand in East, Solan and mandi is west, Mandi and Kullu in North and Sirmaur and Uttrakhand in south .

History of Shimla district

Before independence every part of Shimla which was located in middle of Sutlej River and Yamuna River was called as Pahari estate. This area was ruled by Kushaan, Maurya, Guptas, Mukhri etc. In year 1864 Shimla was declared as summer capital of India by British government.
Shimla was declared as Capital of Punjab after independence and later of Himachal Pradesh. In year 1972 shimla became district of Himachal pradesh.

Administrative view

  • Headquarter - Shimla 
  • Tehsils - Rampur, Kumarsain,Sunni, Shimla Rural, Shimla Urban ,Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal,Kotkhai, Chirgaon, Dodra Kawar.
  • Sub-Tehsils  - Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla Rural, Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal, Tikkar Rohru.
  • Sub divisions - Shimla Urban, Shimla Rural, Theog,Chaupal,Rohru,Rampur, Dodra Kawar.
  • Assembly constituency - Shimla Urban, Shimla Rural, Theog,Chaupal,Rohru, Jubbal Kotkhai, kasumpati.
  • Loksabha seat - 1 seat (Shimla)

Demographic view 

Area - 5131 square km
Forest in area - 3418 square km
Population (census -2011) - 8,14,010
Literacy rate - 83.64 %
Population density - 154 per square km

Temples in Shimla

1. Jakhu Temple
2. Taradevi Temple
3. Hatkoti Temple
4. Sarahan Temple
5. Giriganga Temple etc.
6. Narehan Temple
7. Jaga Mata and Mahasu temple Arhal
8. Rudra Devta Pujarali

Hospitals in Shimla

- Indira Gandhi medical college
- Lady reading hospital
- Rippon hospital shimla
- Tenzin hospital , kusumpti
- Sri Ram hospital etc.

Popular Schools in Shimla

* Bishop cotton School (BCS)
* Auckland House school
* Jesus and Merry (Chelsea)
* Tara Hall school
* St. Edwards public school
* DAV public school , Sanjaulli
* Portmore Public school
* St. Thomas public school
* Dayanand public school
* DAV public school New shimla
* DAV Lakkar bazar
Lahaul-Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh is largest district according to area. Lahaul-Spiti is located in North of Himachal Pradesh. Lahaul-Spiti district is known for its beautiful natural beauty and Tibetans Monesteries. Keylong is headquarter of district and located at a height of around 3165 meter which is highest length of a Headquarter from sea level. Lahaul-Spiti is also coldest district of state, district is divided in two valleys one is Lahaul and other is Spiti. Lahaul Spiti district has highest area in state and lowest population density.
Lahaul-Spiti-photos
History of Lahaul-Spiti
Lahaul-Spiti district was established in year 1960. Lahaul-Spiti is combined of Lahaul and Spiti both. Keylong is district headquarter.
Before these two were merged together Kadrang was capital of Lahaul, and Dhankar the capital of Spiti. Keylong was declared as headquarter by Marwian mission in year 1853. In 1840-41 Lahaul-Spiti was under administration of Sikhs, whereas in 1846 Britishers became administrator of this district.At the time of independence Lahaul-Spiti was part of Punjab government, in 1960 Keylong was declared as district headquarter by Punjab government, and Spiti was declared as Tehsil and Kaza was declared as headquarter of Spiti. In year 1966 Lahaul Spiti was merged in Himachal Pradesh and became biggest district of Himachal Pradesh.

Geography of Lahaul-Spiti

Lahaul-Spiti district share boundary with Kashmir in North direction with big mountains , in south with Kullu and Bada Bhangal, with Chamba district in West direction.
Lahaul and Spiti can be described in different ways given below.
  • Lahaul - Lahaul is known High peaks and valleys. Lahaul can be divided in five main area blocks given below.
1. Chandra valley- This valley is also known as Rangoli. Almost 72 km of this area is covered with long peaks , mountains and snow covered area.
2. Bhaga Valley - This valley starts from Baralaacha pass in south west.
3. Patan Valley - Chandra and Bhaga rivers meet at a point known as Patan valley. This is most fertilise land.
4. Madhya Valley - This valley is mostly covered with snow , sometimes for 12 months.
5. Lingti Valley - 260 square km long area towards north of Baralaacha pass is called as Lingti ground . There is no population in this area.
  • Spiti - Spiti valley is covered with high peaks and mountains and some of them are at height of around 3300 meters to 5500 metres from sea level. Most of peaks of Spiti valley are covered with snow. 
Rivers in Lahaul-Spiti district
- Chandra River
- Bhaga River
- Spiti River
- Sarab River

Weather of Lahaul-Spiti

Weather in Lahaul-Spiti is very pleasant in summer , but in winters temperature drops and reaches to minus. Average snow is around 7 feet, which clearly signifies that most of the area of district is covered with snow.

Administrative view of Lahaul-Spiti

Headquarter - Keylong
Tehsils -  Lahaul, Spiti.
Sub-Tehsils - Udaipur.
Sub divisions Keylong, Kaza and Udaipur
Panchayat - 41

Demography of Lahaul-Spiti

Area - 13,385 square Km
Area covered with forest - 10,133 square km
Population (census 2011) - 31,564
Population density (census 2011) - 2 people/square km

Customs-manners|Languages

In this district marriages are on culture of Buddhism. Two popular way of marriages are Ta-Bhagstan and Kumai-Bhagstan.
Dress - In this area warm clothes are weared and long coats, Pajama, Green and Yellow basket, Cap are weared.
Languages - In Lahaul-Spiti some lanagues like Bhoti, Bunam, Tinan , Manchaat etc are spoken.

Tourist places in Lahaul-Spiti

1. Keylong - Keylong is located at a height of around 3156 meters. This is also headquarter of Lahaul-Spiti district. In 1861 Marwian mission opened a primary school in keylong.
2. Taabo - This village is located in Kaza , headquarter of Spiti. This village is located at a height of around 3050 m.
3. Rohtang pass - Rohtang pass is entry of Lahaul-Spiti from Kullu Manali. This is called as last place in world for people .
Some other places to visit
- Keh Gompa
- Guru Ghanta
- Losar
- Trilokinath
- Kibber
- Kaza
- Gindala

Interesting facts about Lahaul-Spiti

  • Lahaul-Spiti is biggest district in Himachal Pradesh according to area.
  • Lahaul-Spiti has minimum population density.
  • Keylong is headquarter of Lahaul and Kaza of Spiti.
  • More than 90% area is covered with forest.
  • Most of the area of the district is covered with snow.
  • Pin Valley in Spiti is National park in district.
  • Kibber in Spiti is wild life sanctuary in district.
  • Kibber has telephone exchange located at most height in world.
  • Gete and Kibber are located at most height in world.
Kangra district is most populous district among 12 districts in Himachal pradesh. There are several tourist places in Kangra district in Himachal pradesh. Dharamshala is headquarter of Kangra district.
Beautiful-kangra-district
Kangra valley
Kangra is most beautiful valley in Himachal pradesh located at southern edge of Dhauladhar ranges.
There are several temples in Headquarter Dharamshala and Kangra which attracts tourist every year.

History

Kangra became district at the time of Britishers in year 1846. Before this it was famous for longest serving royal dynasty of Katoch. Earlier Kangra was headquarter f district Kangra but due to more population in 1855 headquarter moved from Kangra city to Dharamshala.
After conclusion of Anglo-sikh war Kangra was declared district and was part of Punjab. Kangra district had some part of Hamirpur, Lahaul and Spiti, kullu and Kangra under Kangra district.

Geographic View of Kangra district

Geographic view of kangra district is very interesting, some part touching border of Punjab is plain area and rest area is hilly area. Total area of kangra district is around 5,739 km, which is around 10.30% of total Area of Himachal pradesh.
Kangra is located in Himachal pradesh at an altitude and latitude of 31°2 to 32°5 N and 75° to 77°45 E.

Location of Kangra district

Kangra district is located at the altitude of ranges between 430 to 6400m from sea level. District is attached to Gurdaspur of Punjab district in West, una and Hamirpur in south. Kangra district is attached it's border with kullu and Lahaul and Spiti.

Administrative view and Demography

Headquarter : Dharamshala
Area: 5740 square km
Population: more than 15 lakhs
Population density: 262 km square
Sex Ratio: 1013
Vidhan sabha seats(Assembly seats)
Nurpur
Indora
Fatehpur
Jawali
Dehra
Jaswan-Pragpur
Jawalamukhi
Jaisinghpur
Sullah
Nagrota
Kangra
Shahpur
Dharamshala
Palampur
Baijnath
Tehsils
Nurpur, Indora, Jwali, Kangra, Palampur, Badoh, Kasba Kotla, Jaswan, Dehra Gopipur, Khundiyan, Jaisinghpur, Baijnath, Fatehpur, Dharamshala and Shahpur.
Sub-Tehsils: Harchakkian, Dhira, Rakkad, Thural and Meerthan.
Sub divisions: Kangra, Palampur, Dharamshala, Nurpur, Dehra Gopipur, Baijnath, Jwali and Jaisinghpur.

Weather, people and language

Weather in Kangra district vary from place to place as some part is plain area and Temperature in Kangra varies from 22 to 33 degree Celsius.
People in Kangra district are simple and peace loving people.
Farming is prime source of income of people of kangra . Tea farming is also one of the top economy source of Kangra district.
Language spoken in Kangra district is Hindi, English, pahari and Kangri.

Temples in Kangra district

Brajeshwari Devi temple
Chamunda Devi temple
Chintpurni temple
Baijnath's Shiva temple
Bhagsu nath temple

Tourist places/places of interest in kangra

Dharamshala
Palampur
McLeodGanj
Nurpur
Jawalamukhi
Baijnath
Nagrota

How to reach kangra?

Kangra can be reached by road transport , bus and taxi service is available.
Nearest Railway station
Pathankot- 90 km (broad gauge)
Kangra and nagrota- small gauge
Nearest airport
Gaggal Airport -10 kms
Mandi district in Himachal Pradesh is located at the center of Himachal pradesh. Mandi district is situated at the bank of river Bea's surround by high hill ranges of Gandharv Hills,Rehra Dhar ,motipur dhar and Tarna Hill. Mandi district is famous for its International fair of Shivratri.
Mandi district is also called as ' choti kashi' because it is surrounded by temples and located at bank of river Beas.
Rewalsar-lake-mandi-district
Statue of Padmasambhava at Rewalsar lake
There are natural salt in Gumma and Drang of Mandi district .

History

In history of Mandi district, Mandi district in past was known as ' Mandav Nagar'. Mandav Nagar was names because Rishi 'Mandav' prayed in this area.
Sen family founded this historical 'choti kashi'  in around 1526 AD and ruled it for a long time.
Later after independence Mandi district come to existence after merger of Mandi and suket princely states which were ruled by Sen family.Jogindra Sen was the last ruler of Mandi state.

Geography and weather

Mandi district is located at an altitude of 1040 Meters and latitude and longitude of 31 degrees 72'N and 76 degrees 92'E. Most of part of district hilly area.
Weather in district is pleasant in every season but in city sometimes it very hot as compared to other districts in Himachal pradesh.
Rivers in Mandi district are beas, suketi, Satluj and Uhal

Administrative view

Headquarter : Mandi
Area: 3950 km square
Population: 9,99,518
Literacy Rate: 82.81%
Tehsils : 
Mandi, Chachyot, Thunag, Karsog, Jogindernagar, Padhar, Ladbharol, Sundernagar, Sarkaghat, balh
Sub-Tehsils: 
Bali Chowki, Sandhol, Kotli, Baldwada, Aut, Nihri, Dharampur, Tikken
Sub divisions
- Mandi
- Chachyot
- Sunernagar
- Karsog
- Sarkaghat
- Padhar
- Jogindernagar
Assembly Constituencies
Sadar, Balh, Sunder Nagar,Nachan, Karsog, Chachyot, Drang, Joginder Nagar, Sarkaghat and Dharampur.

Contact address of DC mandi

People and culture

People of Mandi district are middle class , and very simple. Shivratri of Mandi district is very famous. Hindi English pahari languages are spoken but people used to speak in Mandyali language mostly.
Major Highways
NH-21 : Chandigarh-Manali highway
NH-20 : Pathankot-Mandi highway

Lakes in Mandi district

- Prashar Lake
- Rewalsar Lake
- Kunt Bhagyog Lake

Temples in Mandi district

- Shikari Devi temple
- Bheema Kali temple
- Kamakshi devi temple
- Mahu Nag Temple
- Triloknath Temple
- Panchvaktra Temple
- Kamrunag Temple
- Bhoot Nath Temple
- Ardhnareshwar Temple

Places to visit in Mandi district

- Chindi
- Jogindernagar
- Janjheli
- Pangna Fort
- Gadda Gussaini Valley
- Chauntra valley
- Kamlagarh Fort
- Barot Valley
- Barot Dam
- Bir Monetary
- Nargu wildlife sanctuary
- Shikari Devi sanctuary

How to reach Mandi district ?

Road Transport
Distance from shimla: 158 km
Distance from Chandigarh: 202 km
Train Transport
Nearest Railway station : Jogindernagar and Chandigarh
Air Transport
Nearest Airport : Bhuntar kullu district (50 km)
Hamirpur district in Himachal Pradesh is spread out over an area of 1118 km square. Hamirpur is one of the district out of 12 districts in Himachal Pradesh. Hamirpur district is smallest district of Himachal Pradesh.
Hamir-district-photos
Hamirpur district is also called as 'Martyr's Land' in Hindi it is called as 'veer Bhumi'.

History

Hamirpur district was part of Jalandhar, and was closely attached with katoch dynasty, Hamirpur was carved out in 1972 from Kangra.
Hamirpur district is producer of soldiers and so called as 'Veer Bhumi'. Maximum number of soldiers are from Hamirpur ,in nowadays in Dogra regiment, j&k rifles etc.

Administrative view

Headquarters : Hamirpur
Tehsils: 5 (Hamirpur and Sujanpur,Barsar, Nadaun and Bhoranj )
Assembly seats: 5 (Barsar, Hamirpur, Sujanpur, Nadaun and Bhoranj)
Loksabha seats: 1 (Hamirpur)
Sub-divisions
Hamirpur
Barsar
Nadaun
Bhoranj

Geography

Hamirpur district is located in West of Himachal pradesh between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. Hamirpur is located at the altitude of about 780 Meters.

Weather/climate

Hamirpur district in Himachal Pradesh have temperature more than other districts as Hamirpur is not hilly area like other districts. Temperature during summers sometimes reach around 45 degrees. During winters temperature is cool.

Demographic View

Population: 4,54,768
Population density: 410 per km square
Area: 1118 km square
Literacy rate: 100 %
Sex Ratio: 1095
Hamirpur have an area of around 1118 km square and population of 4,54,768 in which population of male are around 217,07 and females around 237,698 according to census 2011,which is rarely seen ,more females than male.

Places of interest/Tourist places in Hamirpur

- Hamirpur
- Sujanpur Tira
- Nadaun
- Bhota
- Deothsidh

Interesting facts about Hamirpur district

- Hamirpur district is smallest district in Himachal Pradesh.
- Literacy rate is highest i.e 100 %.
- Population of females is more than men.
- sex ratio of Hamirpur district is 1095 females per 1000 male.
- Hamirpur is also called as 'Martyr's Land' or 'Veer Bhumi'.

How to reach Hamirpur?

Road Transport
Distance from Dharamshala - 94 km
Distance from Chandigarh - 206 km
Nearest Railway station
Pathankot- 185 km
Nearest Airport
Gaggal - 83 km
Solan is one of 12 districts in Himachal Pradesh. Solan is 1936 km sq area and second most urbanised district in Himachal Pradesh.
Solan is also known as 'mushroom city' because of its highest mushroom production.
Except baddi and Nalagarh in solan district every other area is hilly area.
Name of solan district is derived from mata shoolini.
Solan market
Source: Wikipedia

History of solan district

Solan district which is today was comprises of princely states of Bhagat Bhagal, Kunihar, Kuthar,Beja, Mangal, Mahlog, Nalagarh and parts of Keonthal and Kothi and hilly areas of Punjab State  were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966.
      On 1st September 1972 solan district comes to existence. The district was established by merging Arki and solan Tehsils of mahasu district and Kandaghat and Nalagarh of shimla district.

Demography

In demography fast facts, data about population, sex ratio, literacy rate etc of solan district of Himachal district is given below.
Area: 1,936 km2
Population: 5,76,670
Literacy Rate: 85.02%
Population growth rate: 15.21%
Administration view

Headquarters

Solan

Sub-divisions

Solan
Nalagarh
Arki
Kandaghat

Tehsils

Solan, Kasauli, Arki, Nalagarh, kandaghat.

Sub-Tehsils

Ramshahar and Krishangarh.

Assembly seats of solan district

Arki, Nalagarh, Doon, Solan and Kasauli
Member of parliament seats comes under shimla.

Contact address of DC Solan District

[lock] Deputy Commissioner
DC Office, District Solan
Tel No 01792-220656
Fax 01792-220086
E-mail : dc-sol-hp[at]nic[dot]in

Solan-images

Places to visit in solan district

Mata shoolini temple
Jatoli park
Children park
Jawahar park
Mohan Meakin Breweries(oldest distillery)
Kalka-shimla (heritage)
Kullu district or valley of gods is in northern of himachal pradesh bordered by mandi , kangra ,shimla , lahaul spiti and kinnaur. From Rampur in south to Rohtang Pass in north kullu district is stretched.Kullu valley which is also known as valley of gods is the largest valley in Kullu district.The town kullu is situated on the bank of river Beas and manali is another town on farther north.

History of kullu district

Till 1960, some area of land of lahaul spiti was part of Kullu tehsil.In 1963 kullu was declared district of Punjab and on november 1st 1963 kullu became district of Himachal Pradesh. Malana village located in the district is known as the oldest democracy in the world. some decisions are made through ancient methods Even today here in Malana valley.

Geography and Climate

Kullu district is located in the north of Himachal Pradesh between latitude of 31.5 degrees north and longitude of 77.7 degrees east.Lahaul spitit and kangra are bordered in north and north east respectively.Height of kullu district varies from 1180 to 6000 metres.
Main Rivers of Kullu district:
Beas , Satluj and Prabati.

Temperature in kullu district is very moderate, and cool and dry. There is moderate rainfall during monsoon season .Some part of kullu district get Heavy rainfall during winter and temperature also decreses during winter season.This is the reason kullu and manali is favourite destination for tourists.

Demography

Area:5,503 sq km
Population:437,903
Sex Ratio: 927/1000
Literacy Rate -81.02%

Administrative View 

Assembly Constituency - 4(Manali, Kullu, Banjar, Anni)

Sub Divisions-4(Kullu, Anni, Banjar, Manali) 
Tehsils-5
Sub-Tehsils-3
Blocks-5
Total Villages-172
Total Panchayats- 204

Contact Address Deputy Commissioner 

District Kullu, 175101
Himachal Pradesh
Phone Office: +91 1902 222727
E-mail dc-kul-hp(at)nic[dot]in

People , Culture and Language

International-fair-kullu-dusshehra
Kullu dusshera
People of Kullu district lives in Rural areas, around 9-10 % of people lives in Urban areas.Around 95% of poplulation belongs to Hindu Community in Kullu District whereas rest 5 % is of Muslims, Sikh, Buddhism people.
Languages Spoken in Kullu district are Hindi, English and Pahari.But most of People spoke Kulluvi language(Pahari Language). As kullu district is known for gods and goddesses, people of kullu have big faith in god and goddesses and lot of fairs and festivals are celebrated in Kullu district.

Fairs and Festivals of kullu district

  • Kullu Dussehra: International fair celebrated on Vijya Dashmi. 
  • Pipal Jatra: This is a traditional fairand also called as Rai-ri-Jach. 
  • Sainj Fair: The fair took place in April may for one day held in Raila. 
  • Luhri Lavi:Luhri Lavi fair held in oct-nov for 2 days and 1 night at Luhri. 
  • Ani Fair:This fair is celebrated in month of april and may for 2 days and lots of villages come together at one place and performs various dance music and cultural activity. 
  • Buddhi Diwali: This fair is celebrated in Nirmand village for three days.

Pilgrimages/Temples in Kullu 

  • Bijli Mahadev Temple 
  • Bajaura Temple 
  • Chandi Devi Temple 
  • Gaurishankar Temple 
  • Parashuram Temple 
  • Triyuginarain Temple 
  • Dashal Temple 
  • Ambika Temple 
  • Shringa Rishi Temple 
  • Adi Brahma Temple 
  • Bhaikhali Temple 
  • Raghunath Temple 

Tourist places to visit in Kullu 

1. Rohtang Pass 
2. Great Himalayan National Park 
3. Solang Valley 
4. Bijli Mahadev 
5. Hidimba Devi Temple 
6. Bhrigu Lake 
7. Pin Valley National Park 
8. Pandoh Dam 

Una is one district of out of 12 districts in Himachal Pradesh.Una district shares boundary with 4 districts two of himachal and rest two of neighbour state Punjab. These districts are kangra in North and Hamirpur in east, whereas Hoshiarpur in west and rupnagar in south of Una district.
Una is basically low hills district due to which it is one of the main hub of industries in Himachal Pradesh.
Una is state for movement to Dharamshala, Kullu Manali ,Jawalamukhi etc.
Una District Himachal

History

Until 1st November, 1966 was one of the tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab later it was transferred to Himachal Pradesh. Till 1972 it continued to remain as tehsil of the then Kangra district. On the 1st September,1972 the Himachal Pradesh Government reorganized  Kangra district into three districts (Una, Hamirpur and Kangra).

Administrative View

Headquaters-    Una
Sub-Divisions - 4(Una,Amb,Haroli,Bangana)
Tehsils-              4(Una,Amb,Haroli,Bangana)
Sub- Tehsils-     3(Bharwain, Ispur  &  Jol)
Development Blocks-5 (Una, Amb, Gagret, Dhundla & Haroli)
Panchayats-      around 235
Villages-            around 866
Assembly segments- 5(Una, Haroli, Gagret, Kutlehar, Chintpurni)

Contact address of DC una

Email id- dc-una-hp@nic.in
Phone number-01975-225800.

Geographic and Demographic view

Una district is located at an altitude of 250 meters to 1210 meters southern of Himachal Pradesh. Latitude of una district is around 31 degrees 17'52" - 31 degrees 52'0"(North) and Longitude is around 75 degrees 58'2" - 76 degrees 28'25"(East).

According to census 2011 total area of Una district is around 1550 sq kms, out of which around 184 sq kms is forest area.Population of Una district is around 5 lakh in which male and females are almost in equal proportion.
Sex ratio- 977/1000.
Literacy Rate-87% (Male around 92% whereas female literacy around 81%).

People, Language and Culture

Most number of people in Una district belongs to Hindu community around 92% belongs to Hindu community whereas other are in small percentage as Sikhism in 4% and rest Islam and Christianity in some amount.
Language mostly spoken in Una district is Punjabi , Hindi and unnavi(pahari language of una)
Culture and tradition of Una district is mixed , some Punjabi touch and some Pahari. This is mostly because most of region of Una district is bordered with Punjab.

Climate and Economy

Due to located in plane area una district is very hot in summers and temperature is maximum around 45 degrees and min during winters is around -3 degrees .
 Best source of Economy of this region is agriculture and people used to grow potato ,cabbage, ginger, Cucumber and lady finger etc whereas fruits grown here are  Guava, Pear(Nashpati) etc.

Fairs and Festivals

1. Hola Mohalla Fair: February-March
2. Sawan Ashtmi Fair: July-August
3. Paanch Bhisham Fair: On Guru Nanak Birthday
4. Piplu Fair: June
5. Pir Nigah Fair:  Una Every Thursday
6. Gugga Fair Chaksarai: Aug-Sept

Festivals
1. Prakash Utsav : on Birthday of Baba Sahib Singh Ji
2. Baisakhi Festival

How to reach Una?

Railway Transportaion
Una railway station
Airport
Nearest airport to Una is Chandigarh

Road transportation
Distance from Chandigarh- 122 kms
Distance from Delhi -         367 kms
Distance from Shimla-        180 kms.
Chamba district situated on the bank of River Ravi. Whenever there is talk about best tourist places in Himachal, its really difficult to miss khajjiar , Dalhousie. These places are situated in Chamba district.Chamba is in the North- west of Himachal. Chamba is bordered with two states , Punjab in south and j & k in north west and north east.

History

khajjiar chamba himachal pradesh

About history of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh it is believed that kolian tribe people used to stay here in this region which were later vanquished by Khasas, and khasas by Audumbaras .Audumbaras  used to worship shiva. From the time of Gupta periods this region was dominated by Thakur and Ranas.With the existence of Gurjara Pratiharas the rajput Dynasties came to power.
After the independence in 1947 , the princely state of Chamba merged with India in 1948, along with Sirmour and Mandi suket.

Geography and weather

Chamba is located between latitude of  32°11'30" and 33°13'6" North and longitude 75°49' and 77°3'30" East.
Area of chamba district is About 6528 square km.The whole area is mountain area, altitude ranging between 2 to 21 thousand feet surrounded by lofty hill ranges.
Ravi is major river of this region which passes through chamba town.Pir Panjal is main mountain range of Chamba district.The famous Dhauladhar range separates chamba from kangra district.

Temperature in this region is moderate in summers and varies from 20 to 39 degrees whereas in winters its really cool and temperature is around 0 to 15 degrees.
Pangi and bharmaur are heavy snowed area of chamba district,whereas snowfall in this region is moderate.This region comes under tribal area due to its adverse geography.

Demographics

Chamba has area of around 6528 square km and population around 5,18,844.Males and females are in almost equal percentage ,they are 51% and 49% respectively.
Average literacy rate is around 73% ,male literacy is around 84% whereas female is around 62.
language spoken in chamba district is officially hindi whereas common people of this area used to speak in Chambiali .

Administrative view

  • Headquarter - Chamba
  • Area- around 6528 sq km
  • Population- 460887
  • Literacy Rate- 82.81%
  • Language- Hindi, English, Chambiali
  • Assembly Constituency -
  1. Chamba
  2. Dalhousie
  3. Bhatiyat
  4. Churah
  5.  Bharmaur
  • Sub-Divisions -   Chamba, Dalhousie, Chowari, Bharmour,Tissa, , Pangi,Salooni
  • Tehsils - Chamba, Dalhousie, Tissa,  Bharmour, Pangi, Chowari,Salooni
  • Sub-Tehsils -   Bhalei,Holi, Sihunta, Dharwala
  • Development Blocks -Mehla, Chamba, Bhattiyat, Bharmour,Tissa, Pangi, Salooni
  • Panchayats-  270
  • Villages-1591

Culture and Music

Chamba district belong to gaddi community. They used to follow own tradition and culture, they used to wear traditional clothes. Chambiyali music is listened in this area of gaddis.
Chamba is also famous for handcrafted material like leather sandals , woolen shawls etc.Paintings of chamba is also famous which reflects culture and tradition of district as well as state and these are symbol of himalayan art.

Fairs and Festivals

There are many fairs and festivals in chamba district are celebrated but two of them are very famous across whole India and state.
  • Suhi Mata Mela - celebrated every year in March and April for four days to honour the sacrifice made by the queen of Chamba with her life, to bring water to the town.
  • Minjar Mela - It held on the second Sunday of the Shravana month,during august and celebrated to memorize victory of king of chamba over king of kangra.

Temples in Chamba

  • SUI MATA TEMPLE- Sui mata temple chamba is Dedicated to sacrifice queen of chamba who sacrifices her life to ensure that chamba did not go waterless
  • HARI RAI TEMPLE- Hari Rai Temple chamba is dedicated to lord vishu thats why called as vishnu temple.
  • VAJESHWARI TEMPLE-Vajeshwari temple chamba is deicated to vajeshwari devi,goddess of lightning.
  • CHAMPAVATI TEMPLE- Champavati temple chamba is on the name of champavati, daughter of king sahil verman who built this temple in memory of his daughter
  • CHAMUNDA DEVI TEMPLE- Chamunda devi mandir chamba is dedicated to goddess durga and there is a small temple of lord shiva near chamunda temple.
  • LAXMI NARAYAN TEMPLE- Lakshmi narayan mandir chamba is one of the oldest temple of chamba district. This is one of the largest temple in the town and as name suggest it is dedicated to lord narayan and maa lakshmi
Lakshmi Narayan temple chamba

Tourist Places in Chamba
  • Khajjiar Lake
  • Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chamera Dam
  • Manimahesh Lake
  • Bhuri Singh Museum
  • Khalatop Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Panch Pulla
  • kailash view
  • Khajji Naga Shrine
  • Akhand Chandi Palace
  • Chamba Central Park
  • Panch Pandav Tree

How to Reach Chamba

Nearest Railway station:  Pathankot (around 120 km)
Nearest Airport: Kangra and chandigarh
Road:  Khajjiar by road is 23 km from Dalhousie and 26 km from Chamba.Chamba from shimla and chandigarh is almost at same distance around 350 km.
Bilaspur is 3rd smallest District in Himachal After kinnaur and Lahaul Spiti.Manmade lake Govindsagar on satluj which acts for one of the highest dam of world bhakhra nangal dam is located here in bilaspur District.The second highest bridge in Asia is on this lake at place kandraur.
cricket stadium bilaspur district
Cricket Stadium Bilaspur District Himachal 

Demographic and geographic view

Bilaspur is a hilly area but altitude is not so high, located in ranges of Shivalik. There is border of punjab in south and west.There's hotness in weather during summer and cold during winter.
The population of bilaspur district is around 3,82,050 according to census 2011 and densityaround 850 square meter.

Population growth rate-12.08%.
Sex ratio -981
Literacy rate-85.67%

Languages and Religion

Mostly bilaspuri language is spoken in this region , whereas hindi is understood.For non pahari people its difficult to understand bilaspuri language. Bilaspuri people are equally familiar with mandiyaali language.
Mostly people in Bilaspur belongs to Hindu Religion, around 2 percent of total population is of Muslims, sikhs etc. In bilaspur around 93 % of population lives in Rural Area whereas around 7% in Urban Areas.

Administrative View

HeadQuaters- Bilaspur
Tehsils- 3
Sub- tehsil- Naina Devi and Bharari
Sub- Division- Bilaspur and Ghumarwin

Tehsils in Bilapur district

1. Bilaspur Sadar
2. Ghumarwi
3. Jhandutta

Places to Visit

Govind sagar lake
Bhakra Dam
Bandla Hills
vyaas guffa
kandrour Bridge

Temples

Markandey temple
badol devi
Naina Devi temple
Baba Balak Nath

How to reach Bilaspur?

Bilaspur is on NH-21 Chandigarh manali highway means buses to manali from shimla goes through bilaspur.
Distance from Shimla-88 km
Distance from Delhi- 406 km
Nearest Airport- Chandigarh and Manali
A district with most of population living in village, mostly mountain and rural area.The great khali, mohit chauhan and founder of himachal belongs to this district, Its sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
 Nahan is headquater of District Sirmaur. Sirmaur District includes shivalik fossil park , where fossils of over millions of years have been found.
Nahan Fort Sirmaur

Demographic View

Sirmaur District have area around 2830 km square located in the most south eastern part of himachal. According to census 2011 population of Sirmaur is around 5, 29,855 with density of 188/ km square.Sex ration is around 918 and literacy rate is 78.80.

Agriculture

Agriculture is main source of income here.Farmer produce fruits like mango ,apples as well as Peach. Sirmaus is known for best peach thats why called as peach bowl.Potato ,ginger and tomato is also produced in sirmaur district.
There is fruit research center in Paonta sahib sirmaur.

Administrative View

Headquarter- Nahan
Assembly Seats- 5
Number of Tehsils- 6
Number of panchayats- 228

Tehsils and Sub divisions in Sirmaur District

Tehsils
  • Nahan
  • Rajgarh
  • Paonta Sahib
  • Shillai 
  • Sangrah
  • Pachhad
Sub-Divisions
  • Nahan 
  • Rajgarh
  • Paonta Sahib
  • Shillai 
  • Sangrah
Contact Address of DC Sirmaur
Deputy Commissioner,
Sirmaur at Nahan-173001
Email Address- dc-sir-hp@nic.in

People,Lifestyle and Culture

In siramur different religious people stays together, but hindu community is in big number. There are a good number of muslims as well as sikh people.
Sirmauri people uised to worship lord called devtas in that region.
Bishu fair is most famous fair and celebrated all over sirmaur.
Thoda dance, Nati, Gee, Rasa and Budhechu are some famous dance style of sirmaur district.Agriculture is main occupation of sirmaur.

Rivers in Sirmaur

  • Yamuna
  • giri
  • Markanda
  • Bata
  • Tons
  • Ghaggar
The giri river which originates from giriganga jubbal/kothkhai is the main river of sirmaur district.It joins Yamuna River near Paonta Sahib.

Pride Of Sirmaur District

Sirmaur had given so many famous personalities in different Fields, Some of them are Creator of himachal Dr. YS Parmar first chief minister of HImachal Pradesh was born in village Bagthan, Dilip singh rana who is known as one of the strongest man on the earth wwe champion The Great Khali is also from sirmaur district. Khali belongs to Shillai Sub-division.One more famous pride of this district is Bollywood singer Mohit Chauhan.There are so many people in defense from this district one of them is Lt Col JS chauhan  and Star Rakesh pandey also belongs to sirmaur district.
Churdhar Shiva Sirmaur

Tourists Places

Some of the famous tourist places in sirmaur district are
1. Churdhar
2. Renuka ji
3. Sarahan
4. Rajgarh
5. Paonta sahib
6. Nahan
7. Shivalik Fossil Park
8. Jaitak fort
9. Haripur dhar

Nearest Railway Station- Ambala Cantt
Nearest AirPort- Chandigarh
Himachal consists of twelve administrative districts and one of them is Kinnaur. Kinnaur is around 240 km from state capital Shimla. Kinnaur is located in north east of Himachal and bordering to Tibet to the east at attitude ranging between 2319 to 6815 m. It is situated on the NH- 22 also known as Hindustan Tibet Road.The old Hindustan tibet road passes through the Kinnaur valley along Sutlej.
Kinnaur is one of the smallest district in Himachal (Population wise).
There are three high mountains ranges, namely
1. Zanskar 
2. Himalyas
3. Dhauladhar 
beautiful kalpa in kinnaur

These high mountains ranges surrounds valleys of sutlej, spiti ,baspa and there tributaries.
Kinnaur is famous for kinnaur kailash mountain a mountain sacred to Hindus, close to the Tibetan border.

Kinnaur is not only famous for its natural beauty but its equally famous for lifestyle of people, dresses arts and crafts of kinnauri people.

Kinnaur ditrict

Kinnaur district which is one of the smallest district in india by population means, divided into three administrative areas –
1. Kalpa
2. Pooh
3. Kalpa, and Nichar

Tehsils in Kinnaur District

1. Nichar
2. Kalpa
3. Sangla
4. Morang
5. Poo
6. Hangrang
The administrative headquarter of Kinnaur district is at Reckong Peo.

DC Kinnaur Contact Information

DC Office Complex,
Kinnaur at Reckong Peo
E-Mail Address : dc-kin-hp@nic.in
Phone Number- 01786-222252

Demographics

Population - Around 84,300 (46k male and 38300 female)
Population growth- 7.39 %
According to population Kinnaur district rank around 620th out of 640 districts of India.
Literacy Rate- 80.76%
Sex Ratio- 818 Females for every 1000 males.

Languages

Mostly Kinnauris spoken in Kinnaur district but Hindi, English, Tibetian are understood and spoken by the people linked in tourism trade.

Climate

Temperature in this region is very plesant.Its very high winters around october to may and short summers from june to september.The lower parts around sutlej and baspa recieves monsoon rains.

People of Kinnaur

Most of Kinnauri people belongs to hindu community but due to border attached to tibet there is enough number of Buddhist people.Most of people believe in both these religion ,and this can be understood with flag on many houses of these both communities.People in kinnaur district are very simple and agriculture is main occupation of kinnaur.

Kinnaur is famous for kinnauri apple equally as famous for mount kailash.
Kinnaur district is divided in groups of Gujjars , Rjaputs(kanet) and SC.

Food in Kinnaur

Agriculture is main occupation of kinnauri people.Food like wheat, barley ,ogal and pulses like Rajmah, mash, Black peas etc are produced in this region. Kinnaur is also famous for apple all over the world.
kinnaur-manali highway

Best places to visit in Kinnaur


  • Kalpa
  • Sangla
  • Recong peo
  • Chango
  • Chitkul
  • Pangi
  • Leo
  • Lippa
  • Moorang
  • Riba etc.

Temples in kinnaur

Chandika Kothi mandir
Mathi temple chitkul
Maheshwar mandir Sungra
Chango temple chango.

Nearest Railway Station- Shimla
Nearest Airport- Bhuntar(Kullu)